If you ride a bicycle, either rarely or regularly, you should wear protective gear in order to protect yourself in the event of a fall or collision; other precautions may include:
Make sure you’re riding the right size bike for your body height; riding one that is either too large or too small will make it dramatically more difficult to control, especially when you have to think fast and maneuver quickly, when you’re trying to avoid having an accident.
Wear protective gear that fits you. For example, your helmet should properly fit and be adjusted to your head so that it doesn’t slide forward or backward. If the helmet does not fit correctly, you could suffer serious, life-threatening injuries in an accident.
Avoid riding your bicycle anytime it’s dark outside; dawn and dusk are typically regarded as the most difficult times to see other hazards in the road, so be aware that if you’re driving anytime between dusk and dawn, it will be harder for drivers to see you. Take extra precautions during those times, including having reflective and flashing lights on the back and front of your bicycle.
Driving defensively isn’t limited to vehicles. As a bicyclist, you should constantly scan the area around you and the road in front of you, watching for cars, potholes, and other road hazards. Additionally, when you encounter a vehicle, don’t just assume that they see you – on the contrary – assume that they don’t see you before you make an attempt to cross their path.